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Private Sector Policy Toward Immunization

In Indonesia

This study explored the policies of labor-intensive industries related to child immunization to help guide the government of Indonesia in updating relevant policies and their strategic plan and to better understand the status of Family Friendly Policies (FFP) implemented by government and the private sector.

The study was conducted using mixed methods, and included pFGDs and interviews along with an online survey to provide key insights on the experiences and perspectives of working parents and caregivers related to immunisation. pFGDs were held across 10 Provinces.

Some of the key insights included:

  • Routine immunization coverage was high among survey respondents, with 88% of the parents responding that their youngest child had received all routine vaccines.

  • Adverse events following immunization were a major concern for parents across locations.

  • Although permanent workers are allowed three months of paid maternity leave with an anticipated 50/50 split, in most cases this is left to the discretion of the woman and many shared their preference for a longer leave post-delivery as a way to spend more time with the baby.

  • Daily workers were not eligible for either annual or parental leave, and faced wage deductions for the days when they did not go to work.

  • Across both urban and rural locations, mothers knew more than fathers about the vaccines that their children received.

  • Late information about the posyandu immunization schedule made it difficult for parents to manage time off work for immunization.

  • Workplaces providing information about immunization were rare.

  • Maternal and Child Health books (Buku KIA) include information related to immunization and schedules for different vaccine doses, but are rarely referred to.

  • While permanent workers were able to arrange a few hours off for taking care of their child’s immunization, daily workers had their wages cut if they took time off work for immunization.


West Java (Bandung), Central Java (Semarang), South Kalimantan (Tanah Bumbu), Central Kalimantan (Pulang Pisau & Palangkaraya), East Kalimantan (Kutai Barat), East Nusa Tenggara (Kupang), Riau (Dumai & Perawang Siak), South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi (Kendari), North Sumatera (Medan)


Participatory group discussions, key informant interviews, offline and online survey


Working parents of children under 5 years old and managerial-level staff

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